Program management offers a unique benefit for information technology, where the interdependencies among projects have significant technical, domain knowledge as well as management dimensions. Most discussions of program management to date have focused exclusively on cost, schedule, risk, and quality.

Program Managements are evolving into enterprise program or project management offices (EPMOs) to meet the changing needs of the business, most notably, the increased focus on digital transformation. This requires a greater emphasis on enterprise planning, delivery and performance to respond to increased digital business demands.